10 Million Additional Girls at Risk of Child Marriage due to COVID-19 – UNICEF
By Uangbaoje Alex, Kaduna
With 25 million child marriages averted in the last decade, UNICEF have warned that 10 million additional child marriages may occur before the end of the decade.
Executive Director, of UNICEF, Henrietta Fore, said this in a statement to commemorate the International Women’s Day.
Fore said International Women’s Day is a key moment to remind the world of what the girls have to lose if no immediate action is urgently taken, adding that their education, their health, and their futures are as take.
She explained that girls who marry in childhood face immediate and lifelong consequences and are more likely to experience domestic violence and less likely to remain in school.
The Executive Director further mentioned that Child marriage increases the risk of early and unplanned pregnancy, in turn increasing the risk of maternal complications and mortality, stressing that the practice can also isolate girls from family and friends and exclude them from participating in their communities, taking a heavy toll on their mental health and well-being.
UNICEF, however, described COVID-19 as a threat to progress against child marriage, saying school closure, economic stress, service disruptions, pregnancy, and parental deaths due to the pandemic are putting the most vulnerable girls at increased risk of child marriage.
According to a new analysis released by UNICEF; “Even before the COVID-19 outbreak, 100 million girls were at risk of child marriage in the next decade, despite significant reductions in several countries in recent years. In the last ten years, the proportion of young women globally who were married as children had decreased by 15 per cent, from nearly 1 in 4 to 1 in 5, the equivalent of some 25 million marriages averted, a gain that is now under threat”.
“COVID-19 has made an already difficult situation for millions of girls even worse. Shuttered schools, isolation from friends and support networks, and rising poverty have added fuel to a fire the world was already struggling to put out. But we can and we must extinguish child marriage,” said UNICEF.
“COVID-19 is profoundly affecting the lives of girls. Pandemic-related travel restrictions and physical distancing make it difficult for girls to access the health care, social services and community support that protect them from child marriage, unwanted pregnancy and gender-based violence. As schools remain closed, girls are more likely to drop out of education and not return. Job losses and increased economic insecurity may also force families to marry their daughters to ease financial burdens”.
“Worldwide, an estimated 650 million girls and women alive today were married in childhood, with about half of those occurring in Bangladesh, Brazil, Ethiopia, India and Nigeria. To off-set the impacts of COVID-19 and end the practice by 2030 – the target set out in the Sustainable Development Goals – progress must be significantly accelerated”, Fore added.
Fore reiterated that one year into the pandemic, immediate action is needed to mitigate the toll on girls and their families by reopening schools, implementing effective laws and policies, ensuring access to health and social services, including sexual and reproductive health services.